BRITISH RAILWAYS 1920 - 1970
In order to provide a background to coach development, this section includes entries relating to dates prior to the remit of these files.
1830: regular passenger trains commenced on the Liverpool & Manchester R., the first public railway with all-steam traction
1842: Queen Victoria made her first railway journey from Slough to Paddington
1847-9: steam railmotors first used on the Eastern Counties and Bristol & Exeter railways
1850: the first known train lavatory was fitted to Queen Victoria's saloon; commonly fitted to stock from the 1880s
1855: the G.W.R. inaugurated the first special all-postal train between London and Bristol
1872: third class accommodation introduced on all trains by the M.R. and G.E.R.
1873: the N.B.R. produced the first sleeping car for the East Coast Scottish expresses; special bed-carriages for the wealthy date from 1838
1874: Pullman cars introduced on the M.R. as sleeping cars and day-parlour cars-the earliest bogie stock
1875: the M.R. abolished second class accommodation
: the M.R. introduced the first 12-wheeled coach, carried on two 6-wheeled bogies
1877: first class sleeping cars introduced on the G.W.R.
1879: first dining car introduced, on the G.N.R.
1881: the L.B.S.C.R. conducted trials with electric lighting of Pullman cars
: the G.W.R. introduced the first transverse berth sleeping car
1882: side-corridor layout (non-gangwayed) introduced, on the G.N.
1889: vestibuled 3-car Pullman introduced on the L.B.S.C.R.
1890s: bogie stock widely introduced
1890: the G.W.R. introduced third class accommodation on all trains
1892: the last broad gauge train ran on the G.W.R.
: first all-corridor train introduced, on the G.W.R.; this stock was in general use north of London in 1900
1893: the opening of the Liverpool Overhead R., the first electric elevated railway in the world
1903: electrification of the Mersey R. (opened 1886)
1904: the G.W.R. built the first 'Dreadnought' coaches, then the largest of the time
1907: articulated stock introduced on the G.N.; quintuplet sets incorporating dining accommodation were introduced on this railway in 1921
1908: the L.B.S.C.R. introduced the all-Pullman supplement train, the 'Southern Belle'
1911: the G.W.R. took delivery of a petrol-electric railcar
1920: non-smoking accommodation first introduced, on the S.E.C.R.; smoking had been totally forbidden in the early railway years
1923: the S.E.C.R. abolished second class accommodation, previously required to conform with continental bookings
1925: the G.W.R. introduced articulated stock as a 'one-off' batch
1928: the first third class sleeping cars were introduced
: the L.N.E.R. produced the first all-steel vehicles; timber bodied stock was still built until 1938 on this railway
1934: the G.W.R. and the L.M.S. introduced diesel railcars
1935: the first streamlined train, the 'Silver Jubilee', introduced
: the last G.W.R. steam railmotor service ceased
1937: the L.M.S. introduced articulated stock
1938: the L.M.S. conducted trials with an articulated diesel train
1941: first class accommodation abolished in the London area
1949: double-deck electrical multiple units introduced on the S.Region
1950: B.R.-designed (Mark 1) coaching stock introduced
1954: B.R. took delivery of their first diesel multiple units
: The B.T.C. gained control of Pullman Car Co. activities by a share buy-out.
1956: second class designation replaced third class, 3 June
1958: the first 4-wheel diesel railbus delivered to B.R.
1960: the last slip coach service; see Train and loco working
1964: prototype (XP64) train placed on 12-month trials
: Mark 2(a) coaching stock introduced with new external styling
1966: the first air-braked loco-hauled passenger train ran, from Kensington Olympia to Perth, 16 July
1968: the last observation car was withdrawn (on the Sc.R.)
1969: Mark 2b and 2c coaching stock introduced with wrap-around doors, air-brakes and internal layout changes; the latter had provision for air-conditioning
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