BRITISH RAILWAYS 1920 - 1970

 

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LMS railcar built in 1938. Photo: BRB

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COACH CHRONOLOGY

In order to provide a background to coach development, this section includes entries relating to dates prior to the remit of these files.

1830: regular passenger trains commenced on the Liverpool & Manchester R., the first public railway with all-steam traction

1842: Queen Victoria made her first railway journey from Slough to Paddington

1847-9: steam railmotors first used on the Eastern Counties and Bristol & Exeter railways

1850: the first known train lavatory was fitted to Queen Victoria's saloon; commonly fitted to stock from the 1880s

1855: the G.W.R. inaugurated the first special all-postal train between London and Bristol

1872: third class accommodation introduced on all trains by the M.R. and G.E.R.

1873: the N.B.R. produced the first sleeping car for the East Coast Scottish expresses; special bed-carriages for the wealthy date from 1838

1874: Pullman cars introduced on the M.R. as sleeping cars and day-parlour cars-the earliest bogie stock

1875: the M.R. abolished second class accommodation

: the M.R. introduced the first 12-wheeled coach, carried on two 6-wheeled bogies

1877: first class sleeping cars introduced on the G.W.R.

1879: first dining car introduced, on the G.N.R.

1881: the L.B.S.C.R. conducted trials with electric lighting of Pullman cars

: the G.W.R. introduced the first transverse berth sleeping car

1882: side-corridor layout (non-gangwayed) introduced, on the G.N.

1889: vestibuled 3-car Pullman introduced on the L.B.S.C.R.

1890s: bogie stock widely introduced

1890: the G.W.R. introduced third class accommodation on all trains

1892: the last broad gauge train ran on the G.W.R.

: first all-corridor train introduced, on the G.W.R.; this stock was in general use north of London in 1900

1893: the opening of the Liverpool Overhead R., the first electric elevated railway in the world

1903: electrification of the Mersey R. (opened 1886)

1904: the G.W.R. built the first 'Dreadnought' coaches, then the largest of the time

1907: articulated stock introduced on the G.N.; quintuplet sets incorporating dining accommodation were introduced on this railway in 1921

1908: the L.B.S.C.R. introduced the all-Pullman supplement train, the 'Southern Belle'

1911: the G.W.R. took delivery of a petrol-electric railcar

1920: non-smoking accommodation first introduced, on the S.E.C.R.; smoking had been totally forbidden in the early railway years

1923: the S.E.C.R. abolished second class accommodation, previously required to conform with continental bookings

1925: the G.W.R. introduced articulated stock as a 'one-off' batch

1928: the first third class sleeping cars were introduced

: the L.N.E.R. produced the first all-steel vehicles; timber bodied stock was still built until 1938 on this railway

1934: the G.W.R. and the L.M.S. introduced diesel railcars

1935: the first streamlined train, the 'Silver Jubilee', introduced

: the last G.W.R. steam railmotor service ceased

1937: the L.M.S. introduced articulated stock

1938: the L.M.S. conducted trials with an articulated diesel train

1941: first class accommodation abolished in the London area

1949: double-deck electrical multiple units introduced on the S.Region

1950: B.R.-designed (Mark 1) coaching stock introduced

1954: B.R. took delivery of their first diesel multiple units

: The B.T.C. gained control of Pullman Car Co. activities by a share buy-out.

1956: second class designation replaced third class, 3 June

1958: the first 4-wheel diesel railbus delivered to B.R.

1960: the last slip coach service; see Train and loco working

1964: prototype (XP64) train placed on 12-month trials

: Mark 2(a) coaching stock introduced with new external styling

1966: the first air-braked loco-hauled passenger train ran, from Kensington Olympia to Perth, 16 July

1968: the last observation car was withdrawn (on the Sc.R.)

1969: Mark 2b and 2c coaching stock introduced with wrap-around doors, air-brakes and internal layout changes; the latter had provision for air-conditioning

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COPYRIGHT R.D.LAKE 2009