BRITISH RAILWAYS 1920 - 1970

 

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                W C & P R locos. Photo H C Casserley

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDEPENDENT COMPANIES M-Z            Click for S-Z

Manchester Corporation Waterworks Light Railway: 3'0" gauge f/p(employees); Bottoms Reservoir, Tintwhistle-Torside Reservoir-Crowden, Lancs; open 1872-1968; locos: overhead electric steeple cab 1904-49, latterly Ruston & Hornsby diesel; 2.25mi, section to Crowden (1.25mi) closed 1946

Manchester Ship Canal Railway: standard gauge f/p(employees); Bridgewater J.-Manchester Docks-Latchford J. and two separate sections at Acton Grange and Ellesmere Port, Cheshire (associated lines vested in other companies); open 1894, truncated in 1990s; locos: Hudswell Clarke, Hunslet, Kitson, Peckett and Vulcan 0-6-0Ts, Peckett 0-4-0ST, latterly Hudswell Clarke, Sentinel 0-6-0 and Rolls Royce 4w diesels, fully dieselised in 1966; 33 route mi

Manx Electric Railway: 3'0" gauge f/p; Douglas-Ramsey; open 1893(-9)-1975 and 1977-present; overhead 500v d.c.; 17.9mi

Manx Northern Railway: 3'0" gauge f/p; St Johns-Ramsey(16.5mi), St Johns-Foxdale(2.5mi); open 1879/83 respectively, merged with Isle of Man R.(q.v.) in 1904, Foxdale branch closed (p) 1939, remainder 1968, after initial closure in 1965

Marland Light Railway: 3'0" gauge f/p(employees); Peter's Marland clay works-Dunsbear Halt (S.R.), Devon; line formerly extended to Torrington; open 1880-1970; Torrington section converted to standard gauge (S.R.) in 1925; locos: Avonside, Bagnall and B. Hawthorn 0-6-0STs, Lewin 0-4-0T, Fletcher Jennings 0-4-0s and 4-wheel diesels; c6mi

Martin Mill Military Railway, near Dover, Kent: standard gauge f; Martin Mill-Langdon Battery; originally built for harbour construction 1898-1909, latterly used for defence 1940-60; locos: latterly Dean 0-6-0s; L.M.S. and S.R. 0-6-0 diesels used for gun positioning; 3.5mi

Merchants Railway: 4'9" edgeway on an inclined plane f/p; Castletown Pier, Portland-Portland Stone quarries, Dorset; open 1826-1939; c2.25mi

Mersey Docks & Harbour Board; standard gauge f; once served 38mi of quays at Liverpool (excluding Garston Dock) and Birkenhead, presently serving four railheads at Alexandra, Gladstone and Seaforth docks via the Bootle branch; inc. 1858, became M.D. & H. Company in 1972, acquired by Peel Holdings Ltd in 2005; locos inc. Avonside 0-6-0STs, later (1968) 14 diesel locos (Hudswell Clarke and Hunslet 0-6-0DM) - disposed of when B.R. took over running powers; 140 track mi in 1968

Mersey Railway: standard gauge f/p; Liverpool Central (Low Level)-Green Lane, Tranmere-Rock Ferry with branch to Birkenhead Park; open 1886; steam locos in two-tone green, electrified 1903 (4-rail), abs. By B.R. in 1948; 4.75mi

Middleton Railway: standard gauge (originally 4'1" gauge waggonway) f; Middleton-Casson Close (Leeds), Yorks; open 1755, authorised 1758, converted to standard-g 1881, preservation society formed 1960; steam traction used 1812-35 and 1862-present; locos: initially Fenton, Murray & Wood types, Manning Wardle 0-4-0Ts; Hudswell Clarke and Hunslet (s-g) types; 6mi

Milford Haven Docks and Railway: standard gauge f; Milford Haven branch-docks, Pembroke; open 1882-c2000**; 1.75mi

Moorewood Colliery Railway: 2'0" gauge f; Moorewood Colliery-Moorewood exchange sidings (S.D.J.), Somerset; open c1914-1932; c1mi inc. incline

Murcar Railway: 3'0" gauge f/p; Bridge of Don-Blackdog Brickworks, Aberdeen; open 1899-1951; initially horsedrawn, latterly Albion, Ford petrol railcars when line served only Murcar golf course; c3mi

Nidd Valley Light Railway (financed by Bradford Corporation): standard gauge f/p; Angram/Scar House Reservoirs-Pateley Bridge (L.N.E.R.), Yorks; open 1907-36; locos: Beyer Peacock 4-4-0Ts, Hudswell Clarke 0-6-0T, Avonside, Barclay, Hudswell Clarke, Manning Wardle and Peckett 0-6-0STs, steam railcar in maroon livery; 13mi

Nocton agricultural railway (Smith's Potato Estates): 2'0" gauge f; Glebe Farm-Nocton Fen (Bardney), Lincs; open 1921-track used to build Lincolnshire Coast Light R. in 1960, final closure of short section in 1969; locos: Simplex diesels and Fowler 0-4-0T; 24 route mi

Norden clay works line (Fayle & Co.): 3'9" gauge f; Norden (for fireclay)-Goathorn Pier, Dorset; open completely 1905-1936 (only works lines retained until 1972, converted to 1'11" gauge in 1948); locos: Lewin 0-4-0T, Manning Wardle 0-4-0ST; Hunslet 2-6-2T, and diesels (1'11"-g); c6mi

North Sunderland Light Railway: standard gauge f/p; Chathill (L.N.E.R.)-Seahouses, Northumberland; open 1898-1951; locos: Manning Wardle 0-6-0ST, Armstrong Whitworth diesel; 4mi

Oakhill Brewery Railway: 2'6" gauge f; Oakhill Brewery-Binegar (S.D.J.), Somerset; open 1903-21; locos: Bagnall, Peckett 0-4-0STs; 2.75mi

Padarn Railway: 4'0" gauge (converted from 2'0" gauge in 1848) with 1'10" gauge slate quarry feeders; f; Dinorwic Slate Quarries (near Llanberis)-Port Dinorwic, Caernarvon; open 1824 (as tramway)-1961, quarries closed 1969; locos: Horlock 0-4-0s, Hunslet 0-6-0Ts; Bagnall, Hunslet 0-4-0STs, Avonside 0-4-0T, Barclay 0-4-0WT; 6.6mi

Penlee Quarry Railway: 2'0" gauge f; Penlee Quarry-Newlyn Harbour, Cornwall; open **1906-72; locos: Freudenstein 0-4-0WT and 4-wheel diesels built by Honeywill Bros, Hunslet, Kerr Stuart, (Orenstein &) Koppel and Ruston & Hornsby; also a Simplex; 0.5mi

Penrhyn Quarry Railway: 1'115/8" gauge f/p(employees); Penrhyn Slate Quarries-Port Penrhyn, Caernarvon; open 1801-1962 (steam from 1876), quarry lines closed 1965; locos: Bagnall, Hunslet, Manning Wardle 0-4-0STs, Avonside, De Winton 0-4-0Ts, Barclay, Orenstein & Koppel 0-4-0WTs, Kerr Stuart 0-4-2ST and 0-6-0T, Baldwin 2-6-2Ts; c7.5mi

Peterhead Harbour Railway: standard gauge f/personnel for breakwater construction (inc. convict labour); Peterhead Harbour-Peterhead Prison-Stirling Hill Quarry, Aberdeenshire; open c1887-c1958; locos: Hawthorn Leslie and Hunslet 0-6-0Ts; 2.5mi; a further separate system was built for the construction of the northern breakwater in c1910

Pontop & Jarrow Railway: see Bowes R.

Port of Bristol Authority Railway: standard gauge f; rail facilities at Bristol and Avonmouth docks; P.B.A. formed 1872; locos: Avonside, Fox Walker and Peckett 0-6-0STs, from 1952 Hudswell Clarke, Rolls Royce and Sentinel 0-6-0 diesels, Hudswell Clarke 0-4-0 diesel; c17mi maximum

Port of London Authority Railway: standard gauge f/p; rail facilities within London docks excluding London, St Katharines and Surrey Commercial docks: ownership of Gallions branch (Royal Albert Dock) and much of the Millwall Extension Railway (Millwall J.-North Greenwich) which was realigned c1930; P.L.A. founded in 1909, rail services to India, Millwall and Royal docks withdrawn 1970; locos: Barclay, Hudswell Clarke, Manning Wardle and Stephenson 0-6-0Ts, Hudswell Clarke, Hawthorn Leslie and Peckett 0-4-0STs in blue livery, also steam railmotors, latterly diesels; 105 track mi

Pwllheli and Llanbedrog Tramway: 3'6" gauge horsedrawn f/p; Llanbedrog stone quarries-West End (Pwllheli), Caernarvon, extended to Pwllheli Post Office in 1896; open 1894-1927; 4mi

Rattlebrook Peat Railway: standard gauge horsedrawn f; Bridestowe exchange sidings (L.S.W.R.)-Rattlebrook peat works, Devon; open 1879-1931; c6mi with 'reversing loop', reached over 1750ft in altitude

Ravenglass and Eskdale Railway: originally 3'0" (2'9" gauge proposed) f/p; Ravenglass- Boot with branch to Ghyll Foss mine, Cumberland; locos: Manning Wardle 0-6-0Ts; open 1875-1912 (branch closed 1877) Latterly 1'3" gauge f/p from 1915; Ravenglass-Boot open 1917, Ravenglass-Dalegarth 1922-present; locos: Bassett Lowke, Heywood, Hunt and Davey Paxman types, some rebuilt by R. & E.R.; standard gauge laid astride the line for granite traffic from Ravenglass- Murthwaite from 1929-53; 7mi

Redlake Tramway: 3'0" gauge f/p (staff); Ivybridge exchange siding (G.W.R.)-Redlake china clay works, Devon; open 1911-32; locos: Kerr Stuart 0-4-2T, 0-4-2ST and Atkinson & Walker Wagons steam tractor; 7.5mi, with incline at Ivybridge

Romney, Hythe and Dymchurch Railway: 1'3" gauge f/p; Hythe-Dungeness, Kent; open 1927/9-present; locos: Krauss, Davey Paxman and Y.E.Co. types; 13.9mi

Rowrah and Kelton Fell Mineral Railway: standard gauge f; Rowrah- Knockmurton hematite mine, Cumberland; open 1877-1927, part closure in 1919; part worked by C.W.J.; 3mi

Rye and Camber Tramway: 3'0" gauge f/p; Rye-Camber Sands, Sussex; open 1895/1908-39, requisitioned by W.D. and badly damaged during the war; locos: Bagnall 2-4-0Ts and Kent Constructional Co. 4-wheel petrol loco; 2.5mi

St Michael's Mount Tramway: 2'5" gauge cable-worked incline f; St Michael's harbour-castle, Cornwall; open c1900; 0.1mi

Salisbury Railway and Market House: standard gauge f; Salisbury (L.S.W.R.)-Salisbury market, Wilts; open 1859-1964; worked by L.S.W.R.; 0.25mi

Sand Hutton Light Railway: 1'6" gauge f/p; Warthill-Bossall, Yorks with short branches; open c1912 as 1'3" gauge, converted 1921/2, closed 1932; locos: Bassett Lowke 4-4-2, later Hunslet 0-4-0WT; 4.75 + 2mi

Saundersfoot Railway and Harbour: 4'0" gauge f: Saundersfoot-Thomas Chapel-Reynalton, with branch to Wiseman's Bridge and Stepaside, Pembrokeshire; open 1832-1930 with short revival in 1935-9; horsedrawn until 1874, Manning Wardle 0-4-0ST then used, Kerr Stuart 0-4-0ST in closing years; colliery line; c8.5mi

Selsey Tramway (Hundred of Manhood & S.T., latterly West Sussex R., Selsey T. Section): standard gauge f/p; Chichester-Selsey Beach, Sussex; open 1897-1935; locos: Hudswell Clarke, Manning Wardle 0-6-0STs, Longbotham, Neilson 0-4-2Ts, Peckett 2-4-2T and petrol railcars; 8.25mi

Shoeburyness Military Tramway: standard gauge f; Shoebury Ness (L.T.S.)-Havengore Point, Essex; open (in stages) 1873-present, truncated to Pig's Bay as storage and industrial sidings; locos: Barclay, Bagnall, Hunslet, Stephenson & Hawthorns and Vulcan 0-6-0STs in brown, later pale green livery, latterly Barclay, Ruston, Vulcan/Drewry 4w diesels, Sentinel 0-8-0 diesel, Drewry and Wickham railcars; 5.5 route mi

Shropshire and Montgomeryshire Light Railway: standard gauge f/p; Llanymynech-Shrewsbury with branch from Kinnerley to Criggion, early link from Llanymynech to Blodwell taken over by Cam. R.; open 1866-80 as Potteries, Shrewsbury and North Wales R., 1911-41 (then taken over by W.D.), final closure 1960; locos: ex-L.S.W.R. 0-6-0s, Hawthorn Leslie 0-6-2Ts, vars 0-6-0STs, ex-L.B.S.C.R. Class A1 0-6-0Ts, Dodman 0-4-2T and Bury 0-4-2ST, later W.D. 0-6-0 tanks; 20 + 7mi

Snaefell Mountain Railway: 3'6" gauge electric p; Laxey-Snaefell Summit, Isle of Man; open 1895-present; bogie tramcars operated at 550v d.c.; centre rail using Fell system provides braking during the descent; 4.6mi

Snailbeach District Railways: 2'3" gauge f; Pontesbury (G.W.R.)-Lordshill-Crowshill Lead Mine with branch to Snailbeach Mine, Salop; inc. 1873, open 1877-1915, 1923-51; a short section, Pontesbury- Callow Hill quarry, leased to Salop C.C. in 1947, final closure 1959; locos: Hughes, Kerr Stuart 0-4-2STs, Bagnall 0-6-0T, Lennox Lange 0-6-0ST and Baldwin 4-6-0Ts; road tractor after 1946; 3.25mi

Snowdon Mountain Railway (Tramroad): 80cm gauge p (Abt rack-and-pinion system); Llanberis-Snowdon Summit, Caernarvon; open 1896-present; locos: Swiss Loco. Co. 0-4-2Ts, latterly also Hunslet 4w diesels; 4.75mi

South Shields, Marsden and Whitburn Colliery Light Railway: standard gauge f/p; South Shields (N.E.R.)-Whitburn Colliery, Durham; open 1870, closed for p 1953, for f 1968; locos: N.E.R. and L.N.E.R. (J21) 0-6-0s, Hunslet, Black Hawthorn, Stephenson & Hawthorns, and Stephenson 0-6-0STs and others, ten electric locos used on section west of Westoe Lane; 3mi

Southwold Railway: 3'0" gauge f/p: Halesworth-Southwold with branch to Southwold Harbour, Suffolk; open 1879-1929; locos: Sharp Stewart 2-4-0Ts and Manning Wardle 0-6-2T; 8.75mi

Spurn Head Light Railway: standard gauge f/p (R.N.L.I and R.N. personnel); Kilnsea Fort-Spurn Head, Yorks; open 1916-51; locos: 2-4-0ST, Wolseley railcar, Hudswell Clarke railcar, sail-propelled trolley also used; 3.75mi

Stocksbridge Railway: standard gauge f/p; S. Fox and Co. steelworks-Deepcar (G.C.), Yorks; open 1877-1988 (p until c1928); locos: Hudswell Clarke 0-6-0ST. Y.E.Co. 0-6-0 diesels; 1.9mi

Swansea and Mumbles Light Railway: standard gauge f/p; Swansea-Mumbles Pier, Glamorgan; open 1806 as Oystermouth R., partly realigned line extended to Mumbles Pier as Mumbles Pier & R.Co., electrified in 1929, closed 1960; locos: Hawthorn & Leslie and Brush 0-4-0STs, Hunslet 0-6-0Ts, Avonside 0-6-0STs, Brush E.E. 650v tramcars and others; 5.5mi

Talyllyn Railway: 2'3" gauge f/p; Towyn Wharf-Abergynolwyn, Merioneth with extension to Bryn Eglwys slate quarries via inclines; open 1866-present (preserved from 1951, running line extended to Nant Gwernol, 1976); locos: Fletcher Jennings, Hughes and Kerr Stuart 0-4-2STs, Fletcher Jennings and Barclay 0-4-0WTs, Ruston Hornsby 4-wheel diesels and others; 6.75 + 1.25mi

Volk's (Light) Electric Railway: 2'8" gauge p; Aquarium (formerly Chain Pier)-Black Rock, Brighton, Sussex; open 1883-present; originally 2'0" gauge; third-rail electrical pickup; 1.25mi

Walney Island line: 3'0" gauge f; Walney Island pier-gravel pits, Lancs; originally built to serve Barrow salt works; open c1880-1963; locos: Balmforth vertical boiler 0-4-0Ts, Grant Ritchie 0-6-0ST; **

Wantage Tramway: standard gauge f/p; Wantage-Wantage Rd (G.W.R.), Berks; open 1875-1945; locos: George England 0-4-0WT, Fox Walker 0-4-0T, Avonside and Manning Wardle 0-4-0STs, steam-tram and Merryweather tram-engine; 2.75mi

Welsh Highland Railway: 1'11" gauge f/p; incorporated North Wales Narrow Gauge Railways in 1922: Dinas J.-South Snowdon (Rhyd-ddu) with branch from Tryfan J. to Bryngwyn (9.25 + 2.25mi), Caernarvon: open 1877-1916(p)

South Snowdon-Portmadoc New (11.25mi): open 1923, including part of the Croesor & Portmadoc R. (q.v.), then a horse-drawn freight line; leased to Festiniog R. in 1934; system closed 1937 (to p 1936); locos: Hunslet, Vulcan 0-6-4Ts, Hunslet 2-6-2T, Baldwin 4-6-0T in lake livery. Line currently under re-instatement by preservation group (Portmadoc-Dinas with extension to Caernarvon).

Weston, Clevedon and Portishead Light Railway: standard gauge f/p; Weston (-super-Mare)-Portishead (link to G.W.R.), Somerset; open 1897-1940; locos: Walker Bros, Stephenson, Manning Wardle and ex-L.B.S.C.R. Class A1X 0-6-0Ts, Kitson, Manning Wardle and Hudswell Clarke 0-6-0STs, Dubs and Sharp Stewart 2-4-0Ts, Sharp Stewart 2-2-2WTs and Drewry railcars; 14.25mi

Whittingham Railway: standard gauge f/p; Whittingham Hospital-Grimsargh (L.Y.R./L.N.W.R.), Lancs; open 1888-1957; locos: Barclay 0-4-0ST, 0-4-2T, ex-L.B.S.C.R. Class D1 0-4-2T, Sentinel 0-4-0T; 1.75mi

Winchburgh Shale line: 2'6" gauge f (oil-shale); Winchburgh pithead-processing works, Linlithgow; open 1946-60; locos: Metro-Vickers 4-wheel 600v d.c. overhead supply; 1.25mi

Wissington Light Railway: standard gauge f; Abbey (G.E.R.)-Wissington sugar beet factory-Southery and Feltwell fens, Norfolk; open 1906, closed excluding works access 1957, finally 1982; locos: Barclay, Hudswell Clarke, Manning Wardle 0-6-0STs, Hudswell Clarke 0-4-0ST, 4-wheel diesel hydraulics; Fowler diesel only after c1975; 18mi

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