BRITISH RAILWAYS 1920 - 1970

 

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COACH CODES
CHRONOLOGY.
NUMBERING
PULLMAN CARS

Autotrain at Berkeley Road

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coach names, terms

 

The parent railway company is shown in brackets where appropriate.

 

arc: early style of roof profile displaying a perfect arc of a circle

articulated stock: adjacent carriage ends are carried on a single shared bogie: first introduced 1905 on E.C.J.S.

Balloon (L.B.S.C.R.): Marsh long-distance and push-pull stock of distinctive high roof profile

Barnum (G.C.): Robinson matchboarded open saloon (1910) with large windows and recessed inward opening doors, similar to Barnum & Bailey Circus train of same era

beading: raised wooden strips covering panel joints on wood panelled stock

Birdcage (S.E.R./S.E.C.R.): brake coach with elevated guard's glazed lookout at rear of coach

block train/set (e.g. L.S.W.R., L.B.S.C,R.): permanently close-coupled suburban stock with internal coupling by means of a central block and buffer, and shared electrical equipment

bogie: independent 4- or 6-wheeled truck on which the coach-body is supported (introduced on the M.R. in 1874)

bolster: a suspended metal bar inside the bogie mainframe on which the carriage body is pivoted. An improved Gresley (G.N.) design used double bolsters

bow end: coach with end of bowed profile, as in G.W.R. 1924-33 stock

B set (G.W.R.): a pair of Collett non-corridor brake composite coaches

cantrail: the line at which the coach side meets the roof

Centenary (G.W.R.): Collett 1935-coach built for the 'Cornish Riviera' with recessed doors; initially each compartment had one large droplight only

chassis: the complete underframe with bogies and buffing gear

clerestory: the windowed part of a raised roof (also known as raised roof)

Concertina (G.W.R.): Churchward 70ft all-gangwayed coach with paired recessed flat doors to each compartment, designed to meet a 9ft-width loading gauge

Continental (S.E.C.R., S.R.): Maunsell and Lynes design for continental services (built 1921-7) with Pullman gangways, match-boarded lower sides and inward-opening doors at each end of vehicles only

cornice: a moulding along the line of the cantrail

corridor coach: a coach with a side corridor and gangway connections to adjacent vehicles

deck light: a window in a clerestory section

door ventilator: a ventilator on an external door above the droplight

Dreadnought (G.W.R.): Churchward 69/70ft all-gangwayed coach (1904), 9'6" wide, without outside doors to compartments

Dreadnought (Met. R.): 1927 non-corridor E.M.U. stock

droplight: a window, commonly wood framed, which opens in the vertical plane

ducket: a guard's lookout which projects from the coach-side (also known as wing)

East Coast Joint Stock: stock owned jointly by the G.N., N.B.R. and N.E.R. after agreement of 1860; the livery was teak with red lettering (G.N. stock had blue lettering)

eaves panel: a body panel between the window top and cantrail

elliptic(al): a roof profile notionally in the form of part of an ellipse, more commonly in the form of three arcs. The term may be qualified by 'high-'(full-elliptical) or 'low'(cove roof).

Emigrant (L.S.W.R.): stock used for carriage of European emigrants from Hull to Southampton and Plymouth. These were characterised by low roofs and internal corridors but some lacked connecting gangways.

'Fireproof' stock (L.Y.R.): metal clad corridor stock (1913) with continued use of gas-lighting

fixed light: a non-opening window

flush panelling: coach bodywork without beading or other projections

Gate set (L.S.W.R.): saloon push-pull 2-car set with gated access

Grampian stock (C.R.): 12-wheel 65ft corridor stock (1905) with a high roof profile

gutter: the rainwater channel along the top of the cornice

headstock: the end section of the underframe which carries the buffing and draw gear

hooded ventilator: a ventilator consisting of a plain metal 'hood' fitted on doors or above windows

Iron-clad (L.S.W.R.): corridor coach (1921 and later) with steel sheeting applied to wooden bodywork

light: a carriage window of unspecified type

louvre ventilator: a ventilator consisting of horizontal wooden louvres typically fitted above door droplights

matchboarding: the panelling of a coach (end) with vertical tongue and groove boarding

Midland & Scottish Joint Stock: stock owned jointly by G. & S.W.R., M.R. and N.B.R. after agreement of 1878; after 1900 separated into M.R./ G. & S.W.R. and M.R./N.B.R. Livery: Midland lake.

Nondescript stock (S.R.): 1928-33 open stock with detachable 'Class' boards

observation car: rear coach of train with rear-viewing lights (or double-ended): first introduced by L.N.W.R. double-ended 1911 (Llandudno-Blaenau Festiniog), C.R. single-ended 1914 (Glasgow-Oban), Cam. R. 1915 double-ended 6-wheel (Machynlleth-Pwllheli); also introduced on the L.N.E.R. 'Coronation' service in 1937

open coach: a coach with a central gangway and lacking compartmentation

periscope: a guard's lookout at roof-level, introduced on the S.R. in 1929

quarterlight: a fixed light flanking the door of compartment stock

ribbed roof: a metal clad roof with transverse strengthening ribs

Riviera stock (G.W.R.): 1929-30 stock for the 'Cornish Riviera ' service to 9'7" width: coaches with end doors only were recessed sliding ventilator: an upper part of a window with a laterally sliding unit

solebar: the main side members of the underframe

South Wales Stock (G.W.R.): Collett (1922) 70ft side-corridor stock

Sunshine (G.W.R.): 1936-7 stock with large windows that extend down    below the typical level

Super Saloon (G.W.R.): (1931) 61ft Pullman-style coaches named after members of the Royal Family.

Thanet (S.R.): 1928 corridor design for general South Eastern section services with external doors to each compartment

Toplight (G.W.R. and others): a small window between the cantrail and main coach window

truss rods: strengthening transverse angle section fitted to the underframe between the bogies

tumblehome: the curved section of the lower side panelling above the solebar

underframe: the supporting frame on which a coach body is mounted

ventilator, shell, torpedo: roof ventilators with a characteristic shell or torpedo shape

vestibule coach: an open coach with gangway connections to adjacent vehicles via end vestibules

waist panel: the part of body panelling immediately below the windows

West Coast Joint Stock: stock owned jointly by the C.R. and L.N.W.R. after agreement of 1869. Livery: as the L.N.W.R.

wing: see ducket

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